AMA Position In Support Of Voluntary Helmet Use
The American Motorcyclist Association (AMA), as part of a comprehensive motorcycle safety
program to help reduce injuries and fatalities in the event of a motorcycle crash, strongly
encourages the use of personal protective equipment, including gloves, sturdy footwear and
a properly fitted motorcycle helmet certified by its manufacturer to meet the DOT standard.
The AMA believes that adults should have the right to voluntarily decide when to wear a
helmet. The AMA does not oppose laws requiring helmets for minor motorcycle operators
The AMA asserts that helmet use alone is insufficient to ensure a motorcyclist's safety. There
is a broad range of other measures that can be implemented to improve the skill of motorcycle
operators, as well as reduce the frequency of situations where other vehicle operators are the
cause of crashes that involve motorcycles.
The AMA opposes provisions conditioning adult helmet use choice on economic criteria such as,
but not limited to, additional medical insurance coverage. Such rationale is based on the
negative and incorrect view that motorcyclists present a “social burden.” The AMA maintains that
acceptance of such requirements is contrary to the long-term interests of motorcycling.
Helmet Use and Helmet Laws
The AMA notes there is a clear distinction between the voluntary use of helmets and mandatory
helmet use laws. Some view the helmet solely as a mechanical safety device, similar to a seat
belt. Many motorcyclists view the helmet as an accessory of personal apparel, and its use or
non-use is connected with a chosen lifestyle and their right as adults to make their own
Mandatory helmet laws do nothing to prevent crashes. Regardless of the protective equipment
worn, any motorcyclist involved in a crash is at considerable risk. This makes it all the more
vital to avoid a motorcycle crash in the first place, a strategy widely recognized and pursued
in the motorcycling community.
The AMA is a strong advocate of voluntary motorcycle rider education, improved licensing and
testing, and increased public awareness. All are measures that can reduce the likelihood of
crashes and improve overall safety.
The AMA holds that a common principle should be applied when consideration is given to mandating
personal safety, whether it be for motorcycling or some other risk-related activity: Adults are
capable of making personal safety decisions for themselves. Society's role is not to mandate
personal safety, but rather to provide the education and experience necessary to aid adults in
making these decisions for themselves.
Responses to Claims Made by Helmet Law Advocates
Claim: Injured motorcyclists are uninsured and disproportionately rely upon the public to pay for their injuries.
Response: Motorcyclists are just as likely to be privately insured as any other road user.
- A Harborview Medical Center study published in 1988 reported that injured motorcyclists in the
trauma center relied on public funds a lower percentage of the time than did automobile drivers
to pay their hospital bills during the same time period.
- A 1992 study by the University of North Carolina's Highway Safety Research Center reported that automobile
drivers and motorcyclists have their medical costs covered by insurance at a nearly identical rate.
Conclusion: Injured motorcyclists are less likely than the general population to use public
funds to pay for injuries sustained in crashes, and no more likely to be uninsured than other vehicle
Claim: The costs associated with unhelmeted motorcyclist injuries and fatalities compel the enactment
of mandatory helmet laws to save taxpayer dollars.
Response: The costs associated with the treatment of motorcyclist injuries account for a tiny fraction
of total U.S. health care costs. A miniscule portion of these costs is attributable to unhelmeted
motorcyclists, the majority of which are paid by privately purchased insurance.
- In 2000, approximately 1.55 percent of total U.S. health care costs are attributable to all motor
Conclusion: Motorcyclists involved in crashes have an insignificant impact on U.S. health care costs.
Claim: Mandatory helmet laws are the most effective way to reduce motorcyclist injuries and fatalities.
Response: The most effective way to reduce motorcyclist injuries and fatalities is to prevent
crashes from occurring in the first place. Helmets and helmet laws do not prevent crashes.
Conclusion: Mandatory helmet laws do nothing to prevent crashes that injure or kill motorcyclists.
Comprehensive Programs That Promote Motorcycle Safety
In recent years, the number of motorcycle crashes has increased roughly in proportion to the increase in
motorcycle sales and usage. While a cause for concern, the AMA believes that a comprehensive solution,
not a failed “silver bullet” approach, will result in fewer crashes, injuries and fatalities:
Motorcycle safety programs that promote licensing and testing can further reduce motorcycle crashes.
Nearly one out of four motorcycle operators (25 percent) involved in fatal crashes in 2006 was operating
with an invalid license.
Just over one-third (34 percent) of all fatally injured motorcyclists had consumed alcohol.
Alcohol awareness campaigns and intervention programs can drastically reduce alcohol-related
crashes and fatalities.
One-half of all fatal motorcycle crashes involve another vehicle. The most common crash involves the driver
of the other vehicle failing to yield the right of way to the motorcyclist. Motorist awareness campaigns
and motorcyclist conspicuity programs can reduce the frequency and/or severity of these types of crashes.
- There were nearly 6.7 million registered on-highway motorcycles in use during 2006.
According to 2003 statistics, the average motorcyclist is 41 years old, married, college
educated with a median household income of $55,850.
Nationwide, over 410,000 novice motorcyclists completed the Motorcycle Safety Foundation
(MSF) Basic RiderCourse (BRC) rider education program in 2007.
- Forty-seven states have rider education programs designated through legislation.
- The economic value of motorcycling in the U.S. was about $27 billion in 2007.
If you have questions regarding this information or other motorcycling issues, contact the AMA
Government Relations Department at (614) 856-1900.
Traffic Safety Facts 2006 - Motorcycles. US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration, DOT HS 810806.
Traffic Safety Facts 2006 - Overview. US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration, DOT HS 810809.
2006 Motorcycle Statistical Annual. Motorcycle Industry Council.
State Motorcycle Rider Education Programs - 2007. Motorcycle Safety Foundation (MSF),
The Economic Impact of Motor Vehicle Crashes, 2000. US Department of Transportation,
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, DOT HS 809446.